skip to main content

It appears that you are in the United States

View in English (United States) Remain on current site

View the website in

English English (United States)
Home Teaching and research Test taker performance 2016

Test taker performance 2016

Band score information

IELTS is assessed on a 9-band scale and reports scores both overall and by individual skill. Overall band scores for Academic and General Training test takers in 2016 are shown here, together with scores for individual skills according to a variety of classifications. These figures are broadly in line with statistics for previous years.
Note: For place of origin and first language, the tables show the top 40 places and languages, listed alphabetically, not in order of the size of the candidature.

Academic and General Training test takers

Split between Academic and General Training candidature in 2016

2016
Academic 80.7%
General Training 19.3%

Gender

These figures show the mean overall and individual band scores achieved by 2016 Academic and General Training test takers according to their gender.

Mean band scores for female test takers

Listening Reading Writing Speaking Overall
Academic 6.2 6.1 5.6 5.9 6.0
General Training 6.5 6.1 6.0 6.4 6.3

Mean band scores for male test takers

Listening Reading Writing Speaking Overall
Academic 6.1 6.0 5.5 5.8 5.9
General Training 6.4 6.1 5.9 6.4 6.3

 

Place of origin

These figures show the mean overall and individual band scores achieved by 2016 Academic and General Training test takers from the top 40 places of origin.

Mean band score for the most frequent countries or regions of origin (Academic)

Place of origin Listening Reading Writing Speaking Overall
Afghanistan 5.59 5.38 5.42 6.01 5.66
Albania 6.36 6.45 6.03 6.68 6.43
Algeria 5.91 5.78 5.60 6.29 5.96
American Samoa 6.50 5.64 5.82 6.82 6.25
Andorra 5.86 5.91 5.73 5.73 5.82
Angola 5.29 5.13 5.35 6.15 5.54
Anguilla 6.88 5.88 5.50 7.00 6.38
Antigua and Barbuda 7.04 6.58 6.21 7.63 7.00
Argentina 7.29 7.38 6.22 6.86 7.00
Armenia 6.50 6.37 6.16 6.68 6.49
Aruba 3.68 4.32 4.32 4.76 4.26
Australia 7.24 6.86 6.14 7.22 6.93
Austria 7.81 7.65 6.73 7.46 7.47
Azerbaijan 6.37 6.17 5.63 6.02 6.11
Bahamas 7.36 6.73 6.91 8.30 7.39
Bahrain 6.18 5.77 5.56 6.43 6.05
Bangladesh 6.27 5.94 5.82 6.19 6.12
Barbados 7.70 7.11 6.50 7.70 7.34
Belarus 6.88 6.93 6.12 6.73 6.73
Belgium 7.51 7.57 6.27 6.92 7.13
Belize 7.23 6.78 6.40 7.53 7.05
Benin 5.53 5.73 5.83 6.12 5.86
Bermuda 6.30 5.50 5.60 6.60 6.10
Bhutan 6.26 5.89 5.96 6.48 6.21
Bolivia, Plurinational State of 6.61 6.63 5.78 6.80 6.54
Bosnia and Herzegovina 7.01 6.82 6.11 6.82 6.74
Botswana 7.14 6.67 6.58 7.43 7.01
Brazil 6.76 6.95 6.03 6.75 6.69
British Indian Ocean Territory 6.56 5.89 5.67 6.17 6.17
Brunei Darussalam 7.14 6.72 6.08 6.75 6.73
Bulgaria 7.26 7.02 6.18 6.71 6.86
Burkina Faso 5.18 5.49 5.45 5.92 5.56
Burma 6.95 7.00 6.20 6.23 6.67
Burundi 5.81 5.73 5.84 6.39 5.99
Cambodia 5.85 5.66 5.46 5.90 5.78
Cameroon 5.77 5.65 5.99 6.49 6.04
Canada 7.04 6.73 6.25 7.12 6.85
Canton and Enderburys Phoenix Is 6.38 6.13 5.88 6.75 6.25
Cape Verde 6.69 6.44 5.94 6.81 6.56
Cayman Islands 5.75 5.75 5.00 6.25 5.75
Central African Republic 4.96 4.85 5.58 6.23 5.42
Chad 4.75 4.73 4.67 5.81 5.11
Chile 6.64 6.98 6.04 6.59 6.63
China (People's Republic of) 5.84 6.08 5.34 5.39 5.73
Christmas Island 5.50 7.50 6.00 6.50 6.50
Cocos (Keeling) Islands 5.50 6.00 5.50 7.00 6.00
Colombia 6.42 6.69 5.81 6.51 6.42
Comoros 4.63 4.61 4.48 5.11 4.77
Congo 5.48 5.34 5.64 6.30 5.74
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 5.61 5.58 5.78 6.55 5.95
Costa Rica 7.10 7.25 6.31 7.31 7.05
Cote d'Ivoire 5.43 5.55 5.59 6.03 5.73
Croatia 7.43 7.32 6.30 7.04 7.09
Cuba 6.14 6.69 6.05 6.54 6.41
Cyprus 6.79 6.37 5.95 6.41 6.44
Czech Republic 7.51 7.26 6.33 7.10 7.10
Denmark 7.54 7.23 6.42 7.69 7.28
Djibouti 5.83 5.61 5.37 6.40 5.89
Dominica 6.04 5.43 5.64 6.72 6.03
Dominican Republic 6.75 6.84 6.04 6.98 6.72
Ecuador 6.45 6.75 5.88 6.42 6.44
Egypt 6.64 6.30 5.92 6.43 6.38
El Salvador 6.86 6.88 6.08 7.00 6.79
Equatorial Guinea 5.47 5.08 5.67 6.17 5.67
Eritrea 5.86 5.77 5.75 6.20 5.93
Estonia 7.27 7.10 6.03 6.92 6.89
Ethiopia 5.88 5.90 5.70 6.33 6.01
Falkland Islands 6.25 5.75 6.00 7.00 6.25
Faroe Islands 7.55 7.08 6.30 7.48 7.20
Fiji 7.03 6.46 6.45 7.18 6.84
Finland 7.77 7.50 6.33 7.37 7.30
France 6.92 7.09 5.99 6.53 6.70
French Guiana 8.50 7.75 6.00 6.75 7.25
French Polynesia 6.80 6.94 6.06 6.59 6.65
Gabon 5.72 5.73 5.74 6.16 5.90
Gambia 6.18 5.76 6.18 7.20 6.37
Georgia 6.33 6.38 5.92 6.42 6.33
Germany 7.71 7.52 6.54 7.33 7.34
Ghana 6.55 6.09 6.33 7.16 6.60
Gibraltar 8.50 7.25 7.25 8.00 7.75
Greece 7.40 7.22 6.26 6.73 6.97
Grenada 6.84 6.29 6.42 7.45 6.79
Guadeloupe 5.50 5.88 5.75 6.25 5.88
Guam 7.00 6.50 7.00 8.50 7.50
Guatemala 6.82 6.87 6.20 7.06 6.80
Guinea 5.32 5.37 5.51 6.24 5.66
Guinea-Bissau 4.83 4.67 5.29 6.08 5.29
Guyana 7.03 6.28 6.52 7.83 6.99
Haiti 5.51 5.47 5.82 6.44 5.89
Honduras 6.55 6.34 6.01 6.77 6.45
Hong Kong 6.90 6.70 5.94 6.19 6.49
Hungary 7.42 7.19 6.31 6.97 7.03
Iceland 7.31 7.05 6.37 7.42 7.08
India 6.21 5.77 5.61 5.83 5.92
Indonesia 6.54 6.62 5.80 6.19 6.35
Iran, Islamic Republic of 6.20 5.99 5.90 6.49 6.21
Iraq 5.75 5.60 5.34 6.12 5.77
Ireland 7.49 7.05 6.51 7.77 7.27
Israel 7.11 7.10 6.23 7.23 6.98
Italy 6.80 7.23 5.97 6.53 6.69
Jamaica 7.17 6.57 6.47 7.69 7.05
Japan 5.91 6.11 5.38 5.58 5.81
Jordan 6.11 5.74 5.49 6.24 5.96
Kazakhstan 6.05 6.05 5.51 5.92 5.95
Kenya 6.72 6.40 6.25 7.03 6.66
Kiribati 6.34 6.11 6.20 6.75 6.40
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of 6.40 6.41 5.75 5.98 6.19
Korea, Republic of 6.23 6.22 5.49 5.76 5.99
Kosovo 6.58 6.37 6.01 7.01 6.58
Kuwait 5.40 5.02 4.87 5.71 5.31
Kyrgyzstan 6.46 6.28 5.77 6.61 6.34
Lao People's Democratic Republic 5.34 5.31 5.38 5.94 5.56
Latvia 7.14 6.93 5.97 6.81 6.77
Lebanon 6.78 6.43 6.02 6.65 6.53
Lesotho 6.37 6.08 6.58 7.28 6.65
Liberia 5.73 5.50 5.75 6.73 5.97
Libya 5.75 5.57 5.39 6.17 5.78
Liechtenstein 7.65 7.21 6.44 7.12 7.21
Lithuania 7.35 7.08 6.02 6.66 6.83
Luxembourg 7.55 7.46 6.38 7.05 7.17
Macao 6.03 5.97 5.48 5.70 5.86
Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of 6.88 6.63 5.94 6.72 6.61
Madagascar 5.94 6.25 5.89 6.33 6.17
Malawi 6.75 6.42 6.53 7.25 6.80
Malaysia 7.25 7.07 6.19 6.64 6.85
Maldives 6.97 6.98 6.62 7.48 7.07
Mali 5.69 5.43 5.52 6.16 5.76
Malta 7.97 7.68 7.14 8.03 7.77
Marshall Islands 6.00 5.50 5.00 6.00 5.50
Martinique 6.25 6.17 5.17 6.42 6.00
Mauritania 5.57 5.49 5.25 6.13 5.66
Mauritius 7.13 6.80 6.27 6.91 6.84
Mexico 6.66 6.85 5.86 6.58 6.55
Moldova, Republic of 6.58 6.66 6.03 6.70 6.56
Monaco 7.10 6.60 6.20 6.75 6.70
Mongolia 6.26 5.96 5.60 6.07 6.04
Montenegro 7.16 6.86 6.01 6.85 6.78
Montserrat 7.50 6.00 6.50 7.00 7.00
Morocco 6.15 6.10 5.87 6.46 6.21
Mozambique 5.83 5.79 5.76 6.52 6.05
Myanmar 6.40 6.40 5.75 6.20 6.25
Namibia 6.68 6.23 6.39 7.51 6.77
Nauru 6.44 5.96 5.56 6.42 6.16
Nepal 6.13 5.69 5.64 5.92 5.91
Netherlands 7.88 7.65 6.53 7.52 7.46
Netherlands Antilles 4.50 3.75 3.50 3.50 3.75
New Caledonia 6.80 6.64 5.95 6.49 6.51
New Zealand 7.23 6.79 6.31 7.42 7.01
Nicaragua 6.44 6.42 6.03 6.91 6.54
Niger 5.71 5.71 5.54 6.39 5.89
Nigeria 6.67 6.35 6.39 6.97 6.66
Niue 6.50 4.50 6.00 8.00 6.50
Norway 7.29 7.03 6.35 7.59 7.12
Oman 5.09 4.96 5.00 5.67 5.24
Other 6.19 6.05 5.66 6.17 6.08
Pakistan 6.40 6.02 5.89 6.32 6.22
Palau 5.67 5.75 5.33 6.17 5.75
Palestine 5.75 5.53 5.37 6.05 5.74
Panama 6.51 6.67 5.88 6.84 6.55
Papua New Guinea 6.73 6.21 5.99 7.35 6.64
Paraguay 6.72 7.04 6.21 6.86 6.79
Peru 6.71 6.81 6.10 6.58 6.61
Philippines 7.25 6.81 6.25 6.83 6.85
Pitcairn 7.50 6.50 7.00 8.50 7.50
Poland 7.26 7.22 6.23 6.96 6.98
Portugal 7.32 7.22 6.19 6.96 6.99
Puerto Rico 6.32 6.23 5.77 6.55 6.32
Qatar 5.41 4.92 4.73 5.70 5.26
Réunion 6.74 7.13 5.84 6.26 6.55
Romania 7.08 7.04 6.17 6.78 6.83
Russian Federation 6.92 6.90 6.05 6.63 6.69
Rwanda 5.57 5.74 5.83 6.26 5.93
Saint-Barthélemy 5.50 5.00 5.50 5.50 5.50
Saint Kitts and Nevis 6.71 6.04 5.60 6.76 6.35
Saint Lucia 6.98 6.33 6.72 7.74 7.02
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 7.25 7.50 6.50 6.25 6.75
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 6.81 5.94 6.41 7.22 6.69
Samoa 6.56 5.98 6.07 7.64 6.62
San Marino 6.30 6.63 5.73 6.37 6.30
Sao Tome and Principe 4.60 4.75 4.20 5.40 4.75
Saudi Arabia 5.00 4.87 4.70 5.57 5.10
Senegal 5.48 5.70 5.58 6.13 5.80
Serbia 7.43 7.26 6.14 6.99 7.01
Seychelles 7.79 7.07 6.42 7.58 7.28
Sierra Leone 5.75 5.61 6.07 6.94 6.14
Singapore 8.00 7.56 6.81 7.57 7.55
Sint Martin (Dutch Part) 7.50 8.00 7.00 9.00 8.00
Slovakia 7.43 7.22 6.28 6.93 7.03
Slovenia 7.81 7.65 6.59 7.29 7.40
Solomon Islands 6.27 6.11 5.86 6.89 6.33
Somalia 5.44 5.20 5.14 6.04 5.51
South Africa 7.88 7.44 7.04 8.27 7.72
South Sudan 5.22 5.10 5.84 6.54 5.74
Spain 7.01 7.19 6.12 6.71 6.82
Sri Lanka 6.58 6.16 5.96 6.52 6.37
Sudan 6.27 5.97 5.62 6.33 6.11
Suriname 6.08 6.00 5.58 6.92 6.25
Swaziland 6.81 6.37 6.56 7.44 6.84
Sweden 7.58 7.21 6.45 7.53 7.25
Switzerland 7.60 7.37 6.34 7.14 7.17
Syrian Arab Republic 5.85 5.59 5.31 6.07 5.77
Tahiti 6.50 6.25 5.50 6.50 6.25
Tajikistan 6.09 5.79 5.53 6.35 5.99
Tanzania, United Republic of 6.15 6.00 6.07 6.83 6.33
Thailand 6.23 6.01 5.51 5.95 5.99
Timor-Leste 5.08 5.10 5.18 5.87 5.36
Togo 5.22 5.53 5.51 6.05 5.63
Tonga 6.44 5.99 5.94 7.41 6.51
Trinidad and Tobago 7.85 7.26 6.88 7.92 7.54
Tunisia 6.32 6.20 5.88 6.59 6.32
Turkey 6.20 6.28 5.61 6.13 6.12
Turkmenistan 6.16 6.00 5.59 6.27 6.07
Turks and Caicos Islands 7.25 5.50 5.75 7.50 6.50
Tuvalu 5.97 5.67 5.77 6.80 6.13
Uganda 6.41 6.20 6.64 7.16 6.66
Ukraine 6.63 6.61 5.96 6.55 6.50
United Arab Emirates 4.84 4.69 4.54 5.29 4.90
United Kingdom 7.37 6.89 6.41 7.45 7.09
United States of America 6.73 6.43 6.03 7.07 6.63
Uruguay 7.42 7.64 6.58 7.07 7.24
Uzbekistan 5.64 5.55 5.20 5.67 5.58
Vanuatu 6.81 6.35 6.26 7.24 6.73
Venezuela 6.60 6.64 5.96 6.71 6.54
Viet Nam 5.99 6.17 5.63 5.76 5.95
Virgin Islands, U.S. 4.83 4.83 5.33 5.50 5.17
Wallis and Futuna Islands 5.75 6.50 4.75 5.50 5.75
Western Sahara 6.00 5.00 5.00 5.50 5.50
Yemen 5.21 5.03 4.88 5.63 5.25
Zambia 6.61 6.12 6.39 7.44 6.70
Zimbabwe 7.04 6.56 6.55 7.44 6.96

Mean band score for the most frequent countries or regions of origin (General Training)

Place of origin Listening Reading Writing Speaking Overall
Afghanistan 5.27 4.59 5.36 5.94 5.34
Albania 5.44 5.38 5.73 6.26 5.77
Algeria 4.98 4.82 5.17 5.62 5.21
Andorra 5.50 6.50 5.50 6.50 6.00
Angola 5.94 5.31 6.47 7.28 6.28
Antigua and Barbuda 7.33 6.94 7.22 8.03 7.42
Argentina 6.72 6.68 6.02 6.51 6.54
Armenia 6.47 6.33 6.28 6.71 6.51
Aruba 5.00 4.88 5.00 5.63 5.25
Australia 7.17 6.78 6.38 7.34 6.99
Austria 7.05 6.74 6.51 7.21 6.95
Azerbaijan 6.77 6.40 6.05 6.58 6.51
Bahamas 7.74 7.32 7.31 8.58 7.79
Bahrain 5.98 5.49 5.66 6.38 5.93
Bangladesh 6.25 5.73 5.93 6.34 6.13
Barbados 7.85 7.53 7.42 8.40 7.86
Belarus 6.46 6.37 5.95 6.25 6.31
Belgium 7.39 7.32 6.49 7.23 7.16
Belize 7.03 6.78 6.83 7.33 7.03
Benin 5.12 5.20 5.77 5.85 5.53
Bermuda 7.00 6.00 6.50 7.25 6.75
Bhutan 6.30 5.65 5.99 6.69 6.23
Bolivia, Plurinational State of 6.96 6.65 6.30 7.09 6.84
Bosnia and Herzegovina 6.22 5.86 5.75 6.33 6.10
Botswana 6.97 6.58 6.72 7.55 7.02
Brazil 6.58 6.64 6.09 6.70 6.56
British Indian Ocean Territory 6.30 5.50 6.20 6.80 6.30
Brunei Darussalam 7.92 7.33 6.79 7.46 7.46
Bulgaria 6.74 6.53 6.22 6.69 6.61
Burkina Faso 5.42 5.58 6.17 6.32 5.90
Burma 6.87 6.35 5.91 6.46 6.50
Burundi 4.99 5.04 5.71 5.89 5.44
Cambodia 6.10 5.44 5.67 6.04 5.87
Cameroon 5.48 5.21 5.98 6.30 5.81
Canada 7.05 6.79 6.39 7.16 6.91
Cape Verde 5.25 6.00 6.00 6.75 6.00
Central African Republic 6.20 5.70 5.90 6.60 6.10
Chad 5.30 4.73 5.57 6.20 5.55
Chile 6.09 6.08 5.78 6.31 6.14
China (People's Republic of) 6.08 6.08 5.63 5.75 5.95
Colombia 6.04 6.06 5.75 6.25 6.09
Comoros 5.12 4.43 5.12 5.70 5.14
Congo 5.21 5.05 5.71 6.22 5.62
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 5.25 4.99 5.86 6.52 5.71
Costa Rica 6.83 6.89 6.36 7.24 6.89
Cote d'Ivoire 4.98 5.04 5.63 5.95 5.47
Croatia 6.55 6.15 5.79 6.47 6.29
Cuba 5.75 6.08 5.85 6.08 6.01
Cyprus 5.81 5.13 5.32 5.75 5.56
Czech Republic 6.83 6.47 6.01 6.80 6.59
Denmark 7.44 7.08 6.58 7.99 7.34
Djibouti 6.54 5.98 5.96 6.67 6.35
Dominica 7.00 6.88 6.88 7.85 7.19
Dominican Republic 6.81 6.75 6.02 6.85 6.66
Ecuador 6.52 6.59 6.10 6.66 6.53
Egypt 6.55 6.16 6.00 6.50 6.36
El Salvador 6.36 6.53 5.98 6.84 6.48
Equatorial Guinea 5.85 5.38 6.24 5.47 5.79
Eritrea 5.85 5.31 5.75 6.26 5.85
Estonia 6.84 6.43 5.99 6.92 6.62
Ethiopia 5.70 5.39 5.75 6.20 5.82
Faroe Islands 4.75 4.00 5.25 5.25 4.75
Fiji 6.43 5.84 6.20 6.78 6.37
Finland 7.34 7.13 6.44 7.34 7.13
France 6.82 6.74 6.08 6.70 6.65
French Polynesia 7.00 6.67 6.67 6.83 7.00
Gabon 5.02 4.95 5.41 5.84 5.36
Gambia 5.54 5.06 6.12 7.04 5.98
Georgia 6.06 5.83 5.74 6.51 6.10
Germany 7.20 6.88 6.43 7.29 7.02
Ghana 6.28 5.84 6.52 7.23 6.53
Gibraltar 8.50 8.00 7.50 9.00 8.50
Greece 6.38 5.82 5.88 6.49 6.21
Greenland 4.00 2.00 3.00 4.50 3.50
Grenada 7.56 7.21 7.21 8.24 7.62
Guadeloupe 5.00 4.50 4.83 5.50 5.00
Guatemala 6.38 6.04 5.92 6.61 6.26
Guinea 5.08 5.05 5.58 6.11 5.50
Guinea-Bissau 6.17 5.17 5.67 6.50 6.00
Guyana 6.85 6.24 6.57 7.60 6.87
Haiti 5.57 5.37 5.93 6.69 5.98
Honduras 6.80 6.52 6.36 7.05 6.77
Hong Kong 6.57 6.40 5.87 6.20 6.32
Hungary 6.59 6.27 6.00 6.60 6.43
Iceland 6.61 6.89 6.06 6.67 6.56
India 6.56 6.04 6.02 6.40 6.32
Indonesia 6.20 5.95 5.71 6.03 6.03
Iran, Islamic Republic of 6.24 5.89 6.03 6.52 6.23
Iraq 5.81 5.33 5.47 6.22 5.76
Ireland 7.89 7.41 7.10 8.53 7.80
Israel 6.44 6.22 5.87 6.66 6.36
Italy 6.16 5.98 5.60 6.29 6.07
Jamaica 7.08 6.65 6.67 7.79 7.11
Japan 5.72 5.37 5.28 5.63 5.56
Jordan 6.31 5.85 5.82 6.53 6.19
Kazakhstan 6.52 6.39 6.02 6.51 6.42
Kenya 6.76 6.50 6.56 7.26 6.83
Kiribati 6.00 5.50 5.50 7.50 6.00
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of 5.45 4.88 5.24 5.20 5.26
Korea, Republic of 5.74 5.38 5.28 5.48 5.53
Kosovo 5.61 5.14 5.52 6.44 5.75
Kuwait 6.20 5.36 5.62 6.50 5.99
Kyrgyzstan 6.47 6.33 5.98 6.48 6.38
Lao People's Democratic Republic 4.86 4.06 4.86 5.53 4.89
Latvia 6.92 6.65 6.12 6.96 6.74
Lebanon 6.72 6.25 6.11 6.73 6.52
Lesotho 6.71 6.57 6.64 7.71 7.00
Liberia 5.41 4.78 5.97 6.81 5.81
Libya 5.94 5.44 5.72 6.39 5.93
Liechtenstein 6.50 7.00 6.50 7.00 7.00
Lithuania 6.87 6.47 6.00 6.87 6.63
Luxembourg 7.50 7.10 6.75 8.15 7.40
Macao 6.61 6.25 5.75 6.18 6.27
Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of 6.36 6.05 5.61 6.29 6.13
Madagascar 5.41 5.61 5.94 6.13 5.83
Malawi 6.50 6.07 6.57 7.33 6.70
Malaysia 7.11 6.80 6.27 6.80 6.81
Maldives 6.46 6.27 6.53 7.28 6.68
Mali 5.05 4.90 5.43 6.02 5.45
Malta 7.03 6.69 6.41 7.32 6.92
Martinique 5.50 5.83 5.00 6.17 5.83
Mauritania 6.45 6.45 6.60 6.75 6.65
Mauritius 6.77 6.52 6.26 6.87 6.66
Mexico 6.28 6.30 5.84 6.41 6.27
Micronesia, Federal States of 6.00 5.00 6.00 6.50 6.00
Moldova, Republic of 6.01 6.05 5.78 6.23 6.08
Monaco 8.25 8.00 6.75 7.75 7.75
Mongolia 6.34 5.81 5.72 6.30 6.10
Montenegro 6.09 5.95 5.41 5.91 5.91
Morocco 5.62 5.52 5.68 6.29 5.84
Mozambique 5.91 4.94 5.41 6.63 5.72
Myanmar 6.64 6.50 6.11 6.34 6.47
Namibia 7.42 7.00 7.04 8.21 7.46
Nauru 5.00 4.13 5.38 5.63 5.00
Nepal 6.20 5.58 5.77 6.16 5.99
Netherlands 7.56 7.27 6.51 7.66 7.31
Netherlands Antilles 6.17 6.00 5.67 6.83 6.17
New Caledonia 6.38 5.78 5.76 6.54 6.22
New Zealand 7.45 7.18 6.72 7.76 7.34
Nicaragua 5.93 5.86 5.75 6.79 6.18
Niger 5.41 5.63 5.91 6.46 5.96
Nigeria 6.47 6.17 6.61 7.07 6.64
Niue 5.00 4.25 5.50 6.50 5.25
Northern Mariana Islands 5.00 4.50 5.00 4.50 5.00
Norway 7.36 7.06 6.69 7.81 7.28
Oman 4.85 4.16 4.92 5.40 4.89
Other 6.33 6.04 6.00 6.39 6.24
Pakistan 6.53 6.03 6.16 6.61 6.39
Palestine 6.17 5.64 5.76 6.40 6.06
Panama 6.58 6.76 5.93 6.97 6.61
Papua New Guinea 6.05 5.54 5.85 7.12 6.21
Paraguay 6.50 6.22 5.84 6.56 6.31
Peru 6.46 6.30 6.06 6.56 6.40
Philippines 6.40 5.93 6.01 6.41 6.25
Pitcairn 5.50 4.50 5.75 6.75 5.50
Poland 6.82 6.63 6.12 6.77 6.65
Portugal 6.76 6.51 6.03 6.80 6.59
Puerto Rico 5.50 4.50 6.50 6.50 6.00
Qatar 4.80 3.76 4.36 5.40 4.65
Réunion 6.60 7.10 5.70 5.40 6.30
Romania 6.62 6.48 6.04 6.63 6.50
Russian Federation 6.81 6.78 6.18 6.62 6.66
Rwanda 5.22 5.41 5.94 6.21 5.75
Saint Kitts and Nevis 6.18 5.92 5.89 6.68 6.26
Saint Lucia 7.36 7.01 7.30 8.22 7.54
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 6.81 6.28 6.66 7.63 6.91
Samoa 5.65 4.58 5.50 6.96 5.77
Saudi Arabia 4.63 3.72 4.23 5.03 4.47
Senegal 4.65 4.57 5.28 5.67 5.09
Serbia 6.74 6.47 5.91 6.49 6.46
Seychelles 7.36 6.53 6.53 7.64 7.05
Sierra Leone 5.24 4.76 5.97 6.67 5.74
Singapore 7.69 7.40 6.82 7.42 7.39
Slovakia 6.90 6.73 6.13 6.72 6.69
Slovenia 6.94 6.63 6.19 6.80 6.72
Solomon Islands 5.55 5.27 5.55 6.23 5.68
Somalia 5.92 5.28 5.60 6.45 5.88
South Africa 7.62 7.29 7.12 8.22 7.62
South Sudan 4.96 4.64 5.68 6.86 5.61
Spain 6.56 6.74 6.06 6.53 6.53
Sri Lanka 6.63 6.15 6.08 6.64 6.43
Sudan 6.23 5.73 5.83 6.50 6.14
Suriname 6.63 7.00 6.38 7.38 6.88
Swaziland 4.88 5.75 7.13 7.63 6.50
Sweden 7.43 7.04 6.55 7.67 7.24
Switzerland 7.09 6.88 6.30 6.99 6.88
Syrian Arab Republic 6.31 5.89 5.80 6.53 6.20
Tajikistan 6.37 5.88 6.09 6.84 6.38
Tanzania, United Republic of 6.60 6.20 6.45 7.20 6.69
Thailand 5.36 4.84 5.12 5.49 5.26
Timor-Leste 5.22 4.79 5.04 5.87 5.32
Togo 5.03 5.14 5.88 5.94 5.52
Tonga 5.29 4.53 5.06 6.15 5.32
Trinidad and Tobago 7.70 7.34 7.13 7.96 7.60
Tunisia 5.48 5.31 5.57 5.96 5.65
Turkey 6.45 6.40 5.98 6.44 6.38
Turkmenistan 6.93 6.51 6.12 7.01 6.72
Turks and Caicos Islands 6.00 5.75 5.75 7.00 6.25
Tuvalu 6.25 5.63 5.63 7.75 6.50
Uganda 6.38 6.05 6.79 7.23 6.67
Ukraine 6.11 5.96 5.81 6.23 6.09
United Arab Emirates 4.79 3.91 4.53 5.26 4.68
United Kingdom 7.95 7.58 7.31 8.52 7.91
United States of America 7.91 7.65 7.50 8.49 7.95
Uruguay 6.55 6.54 6.10 6.53 6.53
Uzbekistan 6.19 5.87 5.84 6.34 6.13
Vanuatu 6.21 4.71 6.00 7.29 6.07
Venezuela 6.65 6.72 6.17 6.73 6.63
Viet Nam 5.96 5.86 5.69 5.78 5.89
Western Sahara 6.00 4.50 6.00 5.50 5.50
Yemen 6.02 5.46 5.65 6.35 5.93
Zambia 6.65 6.12 6.57 7.63 6.82
Zimbabwe 7.06 6.72 6.84 7.55 7.11

First Language

These figures show the mean overall and individual band scores achieved by 2016 Academic and General Training test takers from the top 40 first language backgrounds.

Mean band scores for the most common first languages (Academic)

First Language* Reading Listening Writing Speaking Overall
Afrikaans 6.9 7.1 6.5 7.5 7.1
Akan 5.9 6.3 6.1 6.9 6.4
Albanian 6.4 6.3 6.0 6.6 6.4
Amharic 5.8 5.8 5.6 6.2 5.9
Arabic 5.2 5.4 5.0 5.8 5.4
Armenian 6.3 6.5 6.1 6.7 6.5
Assamese 7.0 7.3 6.4 6.8 6.9
Aymara 5.5 5.8 5.2 6.3 5.8
Azeri 6.1 6.3 5.6 6.0 6.1
Baluchi 5.8 6.1 5.8 6.4 6.1
Bambara 5.6 6.1 6.1 6.6 6.1
Basque 7.3 7.2 6.2 6.6 6.9
Bemba 6.0 6.4 6.4 7.3 6.6
Bengali 6.0 6.3 5.9 6.2 6.2
Bihari 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.8 5.8
Bosnian 6.8 7.0 6.2 6.9 6.8
Breton 5.6 5.6 5.6 6.1 5.8
Bulgarian 7.0 7.3 6.2 6.7 6.9
Burmese 6.4 6.4 5.8 6.2 6.3
Byelorussian 7.0 7.0 6.2 6.9 6.8
Catalan 7.5 7.3 6.2 6.7 7.0
Chinese 6.1 5.9 5.4 5.5 5.8
Creole 6.5 6.8 6.2 6.9 6.6
Croatian 7.3 7.4 6.3 7.1 7.1
Czech 7.3 7.5 6.3 7.1 7.1
Danish 7.3 7.6 6.5 7.8 7.3
Dari 5.5 5.6 5.5 6.1 5.7
Dutch 7.8 8.0 6.6 7.6 7.6
Dzongkha 5.9 6.3 6.0 6.5 6.2
Efik 6.3 6.6 6.4 7.1 6.7
English 6.7 7.2 6.3 7.1 6.9
Estonian 7.5 7.7 6.3 7.3 7.3
Ewe 6.2 6.5 6.4 7.2 6.6
Faeroese 6.9 7.3 6.2 7.3 7.0
Farsi 6.0 6.2 5.9 6.5 6.2
Fijian 6.3 6.8 6.3 7.2 6.7
Filipino 6.9 7.3 6.3 6.8 6.9
Finnish 7.6 7.9 6.4 7.4 7.4
Flemish 7.8 8.0 6.5 7.5 7.5
French 7.0 6.8 6.0 6.6 6.7
Fulani 5.7 5.9 5.9 6.7 6.2
Ga 6.3 6.9 6.4 7.3 6.8
Galician 8.0 7.0 7.0 6.5 7.0
Georgian 6.4 6.3 5.9 6.4 6.3
German 7.6 7.8 6.6 7.4 7.4
Gilbertese 6.1 6.3 6.2 6.7 6.4
Greek 7.1 7.3 6.2 6.7 6.9
Gujarati 5.6 6.0 5.5 5.7 5.8
Haitian Creole 5.7 5.5 5.9 6.4 6.0
Hausa 5.8 6.2 6.0 6.6 6.2
Hebrew 7.3 7.3 6.3 7.5 7.2
Hindi 6.1 6.6 5.8 6.2 6.2
Hungarian 7.2 7.4 6.3 7.0 7.0
Ibo/lgbo 6.2 6.5 6.4 7.0 6.6
Icelandic 7.2 7.5 6.4 7.5 7.2
Igala 6.2 6.6 6.3 7.0 6.6
Indonesian 6.6 6.5 5.8 6.2 6.3
Irish 6.5 6.5 6.5 7.0 6.5
Italian 7.2 6.8 6.0 6.5 6.7
Japanese 6.1 5.9 5.4 5.6 5.8
Javanese 6.2 5.9 5.6 5.7 5.9
Kannada 6.4 6.8 6.1 6.6 6.5
Kashmiri 6.8 7.1 6.3 7.0 6.8
Kazakh 5.9 5.9 5.5 5.8 5.8
Khmer 5.7 5.8 5.5 5.9 5.8
Korean 6.2 6.2 5.5 5.8 6.0
Kurdish 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.9 5.5
Lao 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.9 5.6
Latvian 7.1 7.3 6.0 7.0 6.9
Lithuanian 7.1 7.4 6.0 6.7 6.8
Luba 5.7 6.2 6.0 6.6 6.2
Luo 6.3 6.6 6.5 7.2 6.7
Luxemburgish 7.7 7.7 6.5 7.1 7.3
Macedonian 6.6 6.9 6.0 6.7 6.6
Malagasy 6.2 5.9 5.9 6.3 6.1
Malay 6.9 7.0 6.0 6.5 6.7
Malayalam 6.3 6.7 6.0 6.3 6.4
Malinka 5.8 6.0 6.1 7.0 6.3
Maltese 7.6 7.9 7.1 8.0 7.7
Maori 6.0 6.3 6.5 6.9 6.5
Marathi 6.5 6.9 6.2 6.7 6.6
Marshallese 6.0 6.5 5.5 6.0 6.0
Masai 6.0 6.3 6.0 7.0 6.3
Mende 5.7 5.5 6.0 6.8 6.1
Mongolian 6.0 6.2 5.6 6.0 6.0
Nepali 5.7 6.1 5.6 5.9 5.9
Norwegian 7.1 7.4 6.4 7.6 7.2
Oriya 6.8 7.1 6.3 6.7 6.8
Other 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.9 6.6
Palauan 5.4 5.6 5.4 5.5 5.6
Pashto 5.7 6.0 5.7 6.1 6.0
Polish 7.2 7.3 6.2 7.0 7.0
Ponapean 4.6 4.5 4.7 5.7 4.9
Portuguese 6.9 6.8 6.0 6.8 6.7
Punjabi 5.4 5.9 5.4 5.4 5.6
Pushtu 5.9 6.2 5.8 6.3 6.1
Quechua 6.3 6.3 5.4 6.0 6.1
Rajasthani 6.3 6.8 6.0 6.4 6.4
Riff 5.5 5.5 5.5 6.0 5.8
Romanian 7.0 7.1 6.2 6.8 6.8
Romansch 6.9 6.9 5.9 6.6 6.6
Russian 6.7 6.7 5.9 6.5 6.5
Samoan 5.8 6.3 5.9 7.5 6.4
Serbian 7.2 7.4 6.1 7.0 7.0
Setswana 6.6 7.1 6.6 7.5 7.0
Shona 6.5 7.0 6.5 7.4 6.9
Sindhi 6.1 6.5 6.0 6.5 6.3
Singhalese 6.2 6.6 6.0 6.5 6.4
Slovak 7.2 7.4 6.3 6.9 7.0
Slovene 7.6 7.8 6.6 7.3 7.4
Somali 5.6 5.8 5.5 6.4 5.9
Spanish 6.9 6.7 6.0 6.6 6.6
Swahili 6.2 6.4 6.2 6.9 6.5
Swazi 6.3 6.8 6.6 7.5 6.8
Swedish 7.4 7.8 6.5 7.7 7.4
Tagalog 6.7 7.2 6.2 6.8 6.8
Tahitian 5.9 7.0 5.6 6.9 6.4
Tamil 6.3 6.8 6.0 6.4 6.4
Tatar 6.5 6.3 5.5 6.0 6.1
Telugu 5.6 6.0 5.5 5.8 5.8
Tetum 5.1 5.1 5.2 5.9 5.4
Thai 6.0 6.2 5.5 5.9 6.0
Tibetan 6.3 6.6 5.8 6.4 6.3
Tigrinya 5.7 5.8 5.7 6.1 5.9
Tongan 5.8 6.3 5.9 7.3 6.4
Trukese 5.8 6.0 5.5 6.6 6.0
Tulu 6.7 7.3 6.3 7.0 6.9
Turkish 6.3 6.2 5.6 6.1 6.1
Uighur 5.5 5.7 5.0 5.6 5.5
Ukrainian 6.6 6.6 6.0 6.5 6.5
Ulithian 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.3
Urdu 6.0 6.4 5.9 6.3 6.2
Uzbek 5.5 5.6 5.2 5.6 5.5
Vietnamese 6.2 6.0 5.6 5.8 6.0
Welsh 5.5 5.5 5.5 6.5 6.0
Wolof 5.9 5.9 6.1 7.0 6.3
Xhosa 6.5 6.7 6.7 7.7 7.0
Yao 6.4 6.3 5.9 6.3 6.3
Yiddish 4.5 5.5 5.5 6.0 5.5
Yoruba 6.5 6.7 6.5 7.0 6.7
Zulu 6.4 6.8 6.6 7.5 6.9

* First language as self-chosen by test takers drawn from a wide range of nationalities

Mean band scores for the most common first languages (General Training)

First Language* Reading Listening Writing Speaking Overall
Afrikaans 7.0 7.3 6.8 7.9 7.3
Akan 5.6 6.0 6.4 7.1 6.3
Albanian 5.3 5.5 5.7 6.3 5.7
Amharic 5.4 5.7 5.8 6.2 5.8
Arabic 5.5 6.0 5.5 6.2 5.9
Armenian 6.1 6.4 6.2 6.7 6.4
Assamese 6.8 7.0 6.6 7.0 6.9
Aymara 4.3 5.0 5.3 4.8 5.0
Azeri 6.3 6.7 6.0 6.5 6.4
Baluchi 5.6 6.2 6.0 6.6 6.1
Bambara 4.9 4.9 5.3 5.7 5.3
Basque 7.3 7.1 6.0 6.6 6.8
Bemba 5.6 6.2 6.2 7.4 6.4
Bengali 5.9 6.4 6.0 6.4 6.2
Bihari 5.7 6.5 6.0 6.3 6.1
Bosnian 5.9 6.2 5.9 6.5 6.1
Breton 6.3 6.5 6.3 7.0 6.5
Bulgarian 6.6 6.8 6.3 6.7 6.6
Burmese 6.5 6.7 6.1 6.4 6.5
Byelorussian 6.8 6.6 6.2 6.6 6.7
Catalan 6.9 6.9 6.2 6.7 6.7
Chinese 6.1 6.1 5.7 5.8 6.0
Creole 6.3 6.5 6.2 6.8 6.5
Croatian 6.2 6.6 5.8 6.5 6.3
Czech 6.5 6.8 6.0 6.8 6.6
Danish 7.1 7.4 6.5 8.0 7.3
Dari 4.5 5.2 5.3 5.9 5.3
Dutch 7.5 7.8 6.6 7.7 7.5
Dzongkha 5.7 6.3 6.0 6.7 6.3
Efik 5.8 6.2 6.6 7.2 6.5
English 6.7 7.1 6.7 7.4 7.0
Estonian 6.4 6.8 6.0 7.0 6.6
Ewe 5.7 6.0 6.4 7.1 6.3
Faeroese 4.7 5.8 5.7 7.0 6.0
Farsi 5.9 6.3 6.0 6.5 6.2
Fijian 5.3 6.0 5.9 6.8 6.1
Filipino 6.1 6.5 6.1 6.5 6.4
Finnish 7.3 7.6 6.5 7.5 7.3
Flemish 7.6 7.7 6.6 7.6 7.5
French 6.3 6.4 6.0 6.5 6.4
Fulani 5.6 5.9 6.3 7.1 6.2
Ga 5.7 6.1 6.2 7.0 6.3
Georgian 5.9 6.1 5.8 6.6 6.1
German 6.9 7.2 6.4 7.3 7.0
Gilbertese 6.3 6.0 5.7 7.7 6.5
Greek 5.8 6.4 5.9 6.5 6.2
Gujarati 5.8 6.3 5.8 6.1 6.0
Haitian Creole 5.5 5.7 6.1 6.7 6.1
Hausa 5.8 6.2 6.4 7.2 6.5
Hebrew 6.7 6.9 6.2 7.1 6.8
Hindi 6.3 6.8 6.2 6.7 6.6
Hungarian 6.3 6.6 6.0 6.6 6.4
Ibo/lgbo 6.0 6.3 6.6 7.1 6.5
Icelandic 7.2 7.1 6.2 7.1 6.9
Igala 5.8 6.3 6.6 7.1 6.5
Indonesian 6.0 6.2 5.7 6.0 6.0
Irish 6.6 7.8 6.8 8.3 7.4
Italian 6.1 6.2 5.6 6.3 6.1
Japanese 5.3 5.7 5.3 5.6 5.5
Javanese 5.9 5.6 5.5 5.9 5.8
Kannada 6.2 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.5
Kashmiri 6.5 7.0 6.6 7.2 6.9
Kazakh 6.5 6.6 6.1 6.6 6.5
Khmer 5.5 6.1 5.7 6.0 5.9
Korean 5.4 5.7 5.3 5.5 5.5
Kurdish 5.0 5.4 5.3 6.0 5.5
Lao 4.1 4.9 4.9 5.5 4.9
Latvian 6.5 6.9 6.1 7.0 6.7
Lithuanian 6.5 6.9 6.0 6.9 6.6
Luba 5.3 5.4 6.2 6.5 5.9
Luo 6.2 6.4 6.7 7.2 6.7
Luxemburgish 8.5 8.3 7.3 8.3 8.0
Macedonian 6.1 6.4 5.6 6.3 6.1
Malagasy 5.9 5.6 6.1 6.3 6.0
Malay 6.6 6.9 6.1 6.7 6.6
Malayalam 6.2 6.6 6.1 6.4 6.4
Malinka 4.1 4.7 5.0 5.4 4.9
Maltese 6.5 6.9 6.3 7.2 6.8
Maori 4.5 5.5 5.8 6.0 5.5
Marathi 6.4 6.9 6.3 6.8 6.7
Mende 4.8 5.0 5.8 6.2 5.5
Mongolian 5.9 6.4 5.7 6.3 6.1
Nepali 5.6 6.2 5.8 6.2 6.0
Norwegian 7.2 7.5 6.7 8.0 7.4
Oriya 6.3 6.7 6.3 6.6 6.5
Other 6.0 6.3 6.4 6.9 6.5
Palauan 5.3 6.3 5.5 5.5 5.7
Pashto 5.6 6.2 6.0 6.4 6.1
Polish 6.6 6.8 6.1 6.8 6.7
Portuguese 6.6 6.6 6.1 6.7 6.6
Punjabi 5.5 6.1 5.7 5.9 5.8
Pushtu 5.8 6.2 6.0 6.5 6.2
Quechua 2.7 4.3 2.3 3.5 3.2
Rajasthani 6.0 6.6 6.0 6.5 6.3
Romanian 6.4 6.6 6.0 6.6 6.5
Russian 6.5 6.6 6.1 6.5 6.5
Samoan 4.7 5.8 5.6 6.8 5.8
Serbian 6.4 6.7 5.9 6.5 6.4
Setswana 6.2 6.7 6.6 7.4 6.8
Shona 6.7 7.0 6.8 7.5 7.0
Sindhi 6.0 6.5 6.1 6.6 6.4
Singhalese 6.1 6.6 6.1 6.6 6.4
Slovak 6.7 6.9 6.1 6.7 6.7
Slovene 6.7 7.0 6.3 6.9 6.8
Somali 5.2 5.7 5.6 6.4 5.8
Spanish 6.4 6.3 5.9 6.4 6.3
Swahili 6.2 6.5 6.5 7.2 6.7
Swazi 4.4 4.9 5.6 6.2 5.3
Swedish 7.1 7.6 6.6 7.8 7.3
Tagalog 5.8 6.3 5.9 6.3 6.1
Tahitian 4.0 7.5 5.5 7.0 6.0
Tamil 6.1 6.6 6.0 6.4 6.3
Tatar 6.0 6.0 5.8 6.3 6.1
Telugu 6.0 6.5 6.0 6.4 6.3
Tetum 4.2 4.8 4.9 5.4 4.9
Thai 4.8 5.4 5.1 5.5 5.3
Tibetan 5.8 6.3 6.0 6.5 6.2
Tigrinya 5.4 5.9 5.9 6.3 6.0
Tongan 4.5 5.3 5.2 6.4 5.4
Trukese 5.0 5.8 5.8 6.8 6.0
Tulu 6.7 7.2 6.6 7.1 7.0
Turkish 6.4 6.5 6.0 6.4 6.4
Uighur 5.7 6.1 5.6 6.3 6.0
Ukrainian 5.8 6.0 5.7 6.2 6.0
Ulithian 5.8 6.3 6.0 6.4 6.1
Urdu 6.1 6.6 6.2 6.6 6.4
Uzbek 5.5 6.0 5.7 6.1 5.9
Vietnamese 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.8 5.9
Wolof 4.8 5.2 5.7 6.6 5.6
Xhosa 5.3 5.8 6.2 7.4 6.2
Yao 4.3 4.5 6.0 6.5 5.3
Yiddish 7.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 6.5
Yoruba 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.9 6.5
Zulu 6.2 6.6 6.7 7.5 6.8

* First language as self-chosen by test takers drawn from a wide range of nationalities